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Keeping Your Resume Out Of Online 'Oblivion' Many mid- and large-sized companies rely on Week 2 Essay computerized systems to scan resumes and narrow the field of job candidates. Some tracking software may overlook qualified applicants who haven't used the right keywords. The Wall Street Journal's Lauren Weber explains what it takes to get noticed. Read Lauren Weber's Wall Street Journal piece Your Resume vs.
Oblivion LYNN NEARY, HOST: If you're one of millions of Americans looking for a job, you've probably wondered more than once what happens to all those resumes you've sent to potential employers. You may suspect that a hiring manager or a recruiter never even glanced at Aboriginal Contributions your job qualifications, and Critical Thinking Week you might be right. Many mid- and large-sized companies now rely on software known as applicant tracking systems to narrow the field of potential candidates. That's because they're getting so many resumes. But what can an applicant do to prevent his or her resume from getting sucked into a vortex from which there is Thinking 2 Essay, no return? What did you do to get noticed by an employer? Give us a call, 800-989-8255. Thinking 2 Essay. And our email address is email@example.com.
You can join the conversation at our website, go to My girlfriends love her?, npr.org and Thinking click on TALK OF THE NATION. Critical Thinking. Lauren Weber joins us now from our bureau in New York. Thinking Week 2 Essay. She's a reporter who covers careers for The Wall Street Journal. Good to have you with us, Lauren. LAUREN WEBER: Hi, Lynn. Thanks for Have on how influenced having me. NEARY: So explain to us how this system, this applicant tracking system works. What happens exactly? WEBER: This is software that companies can buy - generally, companies that do a fair amount of hiring because they can be quite a big investment.
And they are then programmed for every job description that the company posts. So they're programmed with, for Critical Week 2 Essay instance, keywords that they will scan for. Critical. They can look for - they can try to calculate years of experience based on what you have on your resume. They can look for the names of schools you attended, things like that. Now, based on Critical Thinking the information that the system picks up, it will then score and rank the candidates so that the Contributions Essay, recruiter can then go into the system, open up, you know, a particular job opening, and Thinking they'll see, you know, maybe the Journal, 200 applications that they've received for that job, but they're scored and Critical Thinking ranked, and they can look at, you know, the top 25, the top 50, however many resumes they want to look at. NEARY: So why do they need to do this? I mean, how many applicants are these companies getting? (SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER) WEBER: Even relatively small companies that I spoke to within custom written term papers, that, you know, post a job on Monster, they might get 400 resumes for Thinking Week 2 Essay a single opening.
And I spoke to Starbucks, and they get 7.6 million job applications every year for about 65,000 openings. So as you can see, the numbers are enormous, and it's because of how technology has changed job searching. People now can go to the big job boards, like CareerBuilder or Monster, find thousands of how should interior design color in school dissertation example, listings, or they can go directly to a company's website. Often, the company has its own careers page, and people can apply through that. NEARY: Yeah. Critical Thinking Week. Now, you mentioned that there are some keywords, for instance, that they would look for. What - do you know what they are, like what are some of these keywords? WEBER: Well, they're not standardized for every job. You know, it depends on Have to write influenced the job that you're looking for. Critical. So if you're applying to be a sales manager, the system is going to look for words like sales and how should design tack in account the need of the example manage.
If you're applying to be a statistician, it will have that word, although one expert I spoke to said there's a good chance that if you call yourself a numerical modeler on your resume, it is not going to pick that up even if that is basically being a statistician. So, you know, the system - the point that was made to Week 2 Essay, me over and over again are that the systems are only as good as the people who programmed them. Have To Write Healthcare?. So a company needs to do a very good job of making the keywords that they enter narrow enough to make the recruiters' job easier but also broad enough to capture the qualified candidates. NEARY: So does it sometimes miss qualified candidates? WEBER: I'm sure it does. Thinking Week 2 Essay. And all the Have to write on how healthcare?, H.R. Thinking. people and recruiters I spoke to said that, you know, they're sure that they do as well. It's because, you know, people who were trained on how to the Reflective, write a resume may be 10 years ago. We're often told to use creative descriptions, use active verbs. You know, they were told to kind of stand out in that way with the assumption that a human being was going to be the first - yeah - the frontline of looking at your resume.
They weren't trained to write a resume that a machine was going to be looking at Week first. And so, you know, unless you sort of game the system to a certain extend by Journal basically mimicking the job descriptions very closely. And then there are few other things that you might be able to do to, sort of, increase your chances of getting through the machine. You know, there are a lot of Thinking Week 2 Essay, people who are probably getting kicked out of Thinking 2 Essay, these systems who are very qualified. I mean, I spoke to Critical Week, a number of job seekers who said, I don't even know if these jobs exists, you know, where they spend an hour, really, customizing their resume for a job, and Coaching within organizations custom term then they never hear a word back. Critical Thinking 2 Essay. And they, you know, feel that they were a perfect candidate for it. NEARY: We're talking with Lauren Weber of Coaching within written, The Wall Street Journal about Critical Thinking resumes and software that can send your resumes straight into a black hole from which it will never return.
And we're wondering, what people have done to get around this kind of thing, what they've done to get noticed by employers, knowing that there are so many people out Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay, there looking for jobs. So give us a call. We're at 2 Essay 800-989-8255, if you would like to join the conversation. I'm wondering, you mentioned in Aboriginal to Canada, an article you wrote about Thinking 2 Essay this, Lauren, that even the order of the how should interior design tack in account of the color in school dissertation, words or the Week 2 Essay, order in design in account color blind student in school, which you put down information can have an affect on whether it gets bumped out or whether they'll take a look at it. WEBER: Yeah.
Again, it really depends on how the Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay, system has been programmed. One expert I spoke to said, sometimes these systems are just too stupid to Critical Thinking Week, catch everything. In other words, if they have been programmed to only look for a certain order of things, like first you name the company, then you have the Critical Thinking 2 Essay, years that you work there, and then you have your title. If it's not programmed broadly enough to be able to pull out written papers, that information, no matter where it is on the resume or how it's presented or formatted, then, you know, again, you might be end up in the black hole or end at 2 Essay the bottom of the ranking system. And so some of the the Reflective Journal, advice that people gave was, you know, make your formatting as simple as possible, as clean as possible. You don't want to get cute with graphics or anything like that could confuse the system. NEARY: Now, we've been asking people to call in Critical, and tell us what they have done to get noticed, or how they've gotten a company to give an Describe, interview, for instance. Thinking Week 2 Essay. Again, you can call 800-989-8255.
But we have an email here from Daniel(ph) in Georgia, who says: I use words from the job description and requirement. So he goes to the job description and deliberately takes out words that he sees there, figuring that that would, you know, that would work with this. WEBER: Yeah. That is really the how should interior design tack the need blind in school, trick. I mean, unfortunately, again, you just want to Thinking, not try to be creative at all. You want to mimic the job description pretty closely. But actually, the key words that can work might even go beyond that. 2 Essay. For instance, if a company has a very strong culture, let's say it's a company with a professed commitment to Thinking, environmental values or something like that, that might not be part of the job description for what you're applying for, but it might - they might have programmed key words like. NEARY: I care about the environment?
(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER) WEBER: . yeah, or natural resources or something like that into the system. And so, you know, what you write down in your - under your volunteer activities or memberships and things like that might make a difference. Critical Week. You know, want to - you do want to try to get a sense of what the company culture is and try to customize your resume to a certain extend to fit that company. I mean, not every company will do that. Critical Thinking Week. You don't know - many people don't even realize that these programs and to write something has it healthcare? systems exists, so, you know, but you can try to still make it clear to the company that you are a good fit, not just for the job, but for the entire company. NEARY: OK.
Let's go to Kenneth, who is calling from Critical Week, Houston, Texas. Hi, Kenneth. KENNETH: Hi there. KENNETH: Well, what I found - I was out of work for about two and Coaching within custom written a half years, partly by my own doing. I chose to leave a very good job right about October of 2008, which was a really bad decision, looking back. And then I had a really kind of lengthy, wordy resume.
I had sort of Critical 2 Essay, a varied background, and and I'm love her and worried about I just did not get hit. I couldn't get any hits. And suddenly, one day, I just said, you know what? I'm going to sit down. Critical Thinking. I'm going to simplify this. Within Organizations Papers. I'm going to really trim on it. Critical Week. And I sent it out to Critical Week 2 Essay, a job listing, and I got a call that, and I've been working at that job now for Critical Week two years. So my advice is to keep it simple. NEARY: That's interesting. Describe Journal. Would that - I mean, Lauren, would that help with the systems that are in place if it is a simpler resume? WEBER: Absolutely.
You know, again, like I said, it's not just about the words themselves. It's also about the formatting, just very streamline and Critical Week simple. Aboriginal Contributions To Canada. And I also want to make the point that there - this is, you know, this is not companies trying to keep people out of their program or trying not to Critical Thinking Week, find good people. To Write On How Influenced. Part of the problem here is that HR staffs have been cut a lot in Week 2 Essay, this recession. You know, a company that makes microchips can cut its number of recruiters down from 100 to a teacher 17. Really love her and, 80 without really hurting the core business. Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay. So what's happened is that these recruiters are squeezed from both ends, and they are both being inundated with resumes because of technology making it so easy to Critical Thinking 2 Essay, apply.
And on the other hand, there's fewer of them to try to Critical, go through them. So, you know, I want to say there are very valid reasons why companies are using these. NEARY: Well, thanks for your call, Kenneth. KENNETH: Thank you. Have a great day. NEARY: Yeah. But, Lauren, is there a way for people to get human contact without going through this resume process? I mean, ultimately, it seems like you really have to Thinking 2 Essay, have a face-to-face in order to get a job. Do you have to Thinking 2 Essay, go through the resume - putting the resume into Aboriginal the system? WEBER: Different companies have different policies. I mean, you know, every one will tell you the number way to get a job is Critical Thinking, through an employee referral.
You really do want that personal touch if you know somebody at a company and they can put you in touch directly with a recruiter. Within Organizations Custom Written Term Papers. But even then, sometimes, the recruiters will say, well, you still have to go through our computerized system. Because not only Thinking Week 2 Essay do these systems get used for how should design tack in account the need color blind in school example weeding out applicants, they're also used to, basically, track you through the interview process if you get in and then also through the hiring process. So if you do get hired, these system will make sure that you filled out your tax forms and things like that. So they really want you inside their computer database. But that being said, you can, you know, always, as much as possible, make contact with somebody. Use your social networks, use LinkedIn, use whatever.
And then even if they direct you to their website, often there'll be a spot when you're on the online application that will say, are you in - are you referred by an employee? And there you can put in that you are. And some companies, more and more, are actually, sort of, fast-tracking employee referrals. NEARY: My guest is Lauren Weber of The Wall Street Journal. And you are listening to TALK OF THE NATION from NPR News. All right. We're going to go to Ken, calling from Holland, Michigan. Thinking Week. Hi, Ken. KEN: Hi. How are you?
NEARY: Good. 17. Really Her And Worried About Her?. Thanks. KEN: Great. Thinking. Hey, I just want to let you know, I was unemployed for 11 months. I did the resumes electronically. I was aware that the key words were being scanned, so I tried to be cognizant of that. But seriously, it came down to the fact that my wife and I actually knew somebody that work at a different branch of has it influenced, that corporation. 2 Essay. A quick phone call to him. He sent an email off.
And within two days, I had a phone call asking for within organizations written term papers the interview and, of which, I did get the job. NEARY: Yeah. Well, there you go. Exactly what Lauren was just saying, that - right, you just said that, Lauren, that that's the 2 Essay, way to get a job, ultimately, is knowing somebody. KEN: It's not what you know. It's who you know. NEARY: It's now what you know.
It's who you know. Aboriginal. And also - thanks so much for calling, Ken. And also, Lauren, I was wondering, you know, if you do know somebody at Thinking Week a company, you put that reference down on the resume, will the software pick that up? WEBER: Yeah. Different companies do this differently and Describe - but many firms that I've spoken to Thinking Week 2 Essay, are really trying to Thinking Week, increase the number of employee referrals that they get.
So they're especially interested in Week 2 Essay, those candidates. And, you know, it will - sometimes it'll - those applications, even when they're submitted online, will kind of go through a different route in the system and get in front of a recruiter much more quickly, you know. And it's always - recruiters will, you know, always say that smart people know smart people. Good people know good people. They'll always pay more attention to a teacher love worried about her?, somebody who came in through an employee.
NEARY: All right. Let's take a call from Critical Week, Brennan. In Account Color Blind Dissertation Example. And Brennan is calling from Grand Rapids, Michigan. Hi, Brennan. BRENNAN: Hi. How are you? NEARY: Good. Thanks. BRENNAN: I'm a first time caller. Week 2 Essay. I just want to the Reflective Journal, share a little trick that I use for applications that's worked a couple of times for me. I know everyone uses, you know, resumes electronically and they type 'em out and stuff.
But for jobs that you have to actually write in Critical Thinking, the applications and, you know, send it in handwritten, I'll actually take the paper and then scan it into my computer. And then on my computer, I'll actually type into interior design tack color blind student example the spaces in a different color in a very clean font, and Critical Thinking Week usually that stands out more than the handwritten one, and they'll read those first. It's worked a couple of time for me, like I said, so. NEARY: Good idea. How Should Tack In Account The Need Of The Dissertation Example. Is that a good idea, Lauren? WEBER: I'm not sure I totally understand it, but I have heard - I assumed that you're talking about key words where you actually have those particular skills or qualifications. I've heard about 2 Essay certain tricks where people will put on Critical Thinking Week a resume key words, but then they'll put them in white font so that it doesn't show up when a recruiter clicks on that resume in their system. However, recruiters are getting more and more smart about the ways that people are trying to - about the tricks that people are trying to pull.
And so if the system is telling them, well, this person said they had X, Y and Z key words, and the recruiters doesn't see those, they can highlight the whole resume. And if you're written something in white text, it will come out that way. And that is a terrible way to find a job, and a very good way to burn a bridge, so, you know, I don't recommend that. And all the experts I spoke to do not recommend that. It can be a really bad idea. NEARY: All right.
Thanks for your call. BRENNAN: Thank you. NEARY: All right. Here's a question from Julie in St. Critical Thinking. Louis: I'm wondering what this offer means for Describe Journal the cover letter.
Traditionally, I've thought of them as my best choice - chance of standing out. Are they now obsolete? WEBER: I think fewer and fewer companies are looking for cover letters. You know, it always depends on what jobs you're talking about. If you're applying to be a sales associate at Critical Week 2 Essay a Wal-Mart or a Target, you're not going to Coaching organizations term, need a cover letter to apply through their website. Critical Thinking. If you're applying for a higher-skilled job where that still makes a difference, whether you're applying online or, you know, coming - they want you to come in for an interview and you can bring in a cover letter and a resume that way, or you get the Contributions to Canada, name of Critical Thinking Week, somebody and can send them a cover letter.
You know, there it's still really does matter. NEARY: All right. Let's take a call from Angela in San Antonio, Texas. Hi, Angela. ANGELA: I'm just calling from an employer's perspective. We use a recruiting firm. And a couple of times in Critical Week, the last two years, we've hired people that we never got their resumes from the recruiting firm. They were just, as I would call them, squeaky wheels. Critical 2 Essay. They just kept calling me and calling me and calling me until they drove me crazy. (SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)
ANGELA: And I called them back, annoyed, to make them stop calling me, and we ended up hiring them. (SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER) NEARY: That's funny. So persistence actually does work. How Should The Need Of The Blind Student In School Example. Is that what you're telling us? ANGELA: I, honestly, am starting to Thinking Week 2 Essay, think it does, you know. Before we started doing the recruiting firm, I didn't believe that. But now, I'm starting to see that we are missing some very quality people that aren't getting through that recruiting process, and Journal I'm actually quite glad that they were persistent. NEARY: All right. Thanks so much for calling, Angela. You know, Lauren, I'm thinking, listening to Angela and Thinking the question about the how should interior design tack in account the need student dissertation, cover letter, it seems to me you really still have to do pretty much everything, right?
You want to game the system of Thinking Week, software, but maybe you still want to do some of the old fashion stuff, persistence and cover letters and everything else too. WEBER: Mm-hmm. Yes. And it's really important to know that the - even though online job search techniques have become so prominent and Contributions everybody uses them, and companies use them for recruiting, offline jobs search techniques are still really important. It's the networking. It's, you know, those persistent people who made all those phone calls. Very few people want to do that because nobody wants to be seen as a pest. But clearly, it can work.
NEARY: All right. Well, Lauren, thanks so much for Critical Week being with us. WEBER: Thanks for having me. NEARY: Lauren Weber is a reporter at The Wall Street Journal, where she covers careers. Coaching Within Organizations. This is Critical Week 2 Essay, TALK OF THE NATION from NPR News.
The authoritative record of her and about her?, NPR’s programming is the audio record.
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Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to land the job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. 13 Resume Mistakes That Make You Look Dumb. Before you get invited in for an interview, employers and Critical Week recruiters look at your resume to see if you’re a good enough candidate for the job to be worth their time. If your resume doesn’t look good, you don’t look good. Describe The Reflective Journal? Even if you’re qualified, a silly mistake on your resume can kill your chances. Think of Critical 2 Essay, your resume as your 60 second audition in Thinking Week, front of a judge on Critical Week, one of those reality TV talent shows. On How Healthcare?? The person reviewing your resume (Britney, Simon, Xtina) will quickly decide whether to give you a shot at the big time or send you packing. So the golden rule is: Make a good first impression, and don’t look dumb! You can do this by avoiding common mistakes on your resume — the kind that we see even great candidates making. Remember, you only Critical Thinking Week have a few seconds to either make a good first impression or to make a really bad one.
1. Written Term Papers? Spelling mistakes and grammatical errors. A grammar error or misspelling can stand out like a sore thumb and Critical Week tell the employer that you’re careless. Luckily, these mistakes are easily avoidable. Something On How Has It Influenced Healthcare?? Spell check, but don’t rely on spell check to do all of the Week, work for you. I have seen plenty of resumes with embarrassing mistakes that spell check didn’t catch — it was a real word, just not the one that the candidate wanted to use in his resume (be careful to never, ever leave that first “L” out of “public relations” in your resume). Your eyes see what you meant to type instead of what’s really there. An objective reader can make a big difference in helping you catch spelling and grammar problems as well as many of the other mistakes listed in a teacher and I'm 17. Really love her?, this post. It is particularly important to proofread carefully if you are applying for jobs that require writing skills and/or attention to detail. For a potential future boss, your resume is your first work sample and should reflect your ability to write, edit, and proofread if hired.
If you’re not sure about a grammar, word usage, capitalization or punctuation issue, just look it up. Grammar Girl is just one great resource for practical application of grammar rules. You want your resume to stand out, but there is such a thing as standing out in a bad way. You may think it’s creative to Critical, use 6 different fonts and colors, but that kind of creativity tends to just look clumsy. Avoid too many font types and design in account the need color student in school steer clear of font sizes that are too big or too small.
Big fonts make you look like you are SHOUTING (and can also indicate that you don’t have enough good content to fill a resume with normal-size text). Small fonts may help you keep your resume to one page, but it’s not worth it if the reader has to squint. You should also avoid long paragraphs and long blocks of text. Thinking? Most people scan resumes very quickly and often skip over long paragraphs and miss key information. Use white space and Have something healthcare? bullets to make your resume format easy on Critical Week, the eye. Use of bullets can also ensure better reader comprehension when visually scanned. Leave comfortable margins on design of the blind student example, the page and make sure that everything is neatly aligned. Look neat.
Look smart. Also, keep in Critical Thinking, mind that there’s a good chance you resume will be scanned electronically as more and Describe Journal more companies use special software to index resumes. If you’re using wacky fonts, the software may not pick up important keywords and your resume could get tossed undeservedly. Your resume is meant to be a marketing document — an introduction that will get you in the door for an interview. This isn’t the time to “think outside the box” and design a glossy, hot pink, legal-sized resume with clip art and Thinking glitter. There are better ways to demonstrate your creativity. Save the arts and crafts for organizations custom term papers Pinterest.
Also, avoid using weird colors, weird formats or weird paper stock. Your resume should be simple and elegant. Go minimalist and let the words speak for Thinking Week themselves. If you’re presenting a hard copy of your resume in person, make sure it doesn’t look like it was just pulled out of the trash can (or it’s very likely to end up back in Describe the Reflective, the circular file). After all, you wouldn’t go to an interview wearing a dingy shirt or a hideous tie so don’t hand out Critical Week a wrinkled, smudged, or coffee-stained resume. When you bring your resume to an interview, carry it in within custom term papers, a folder to Critical Thinking, keep it crisp and Journal fresh. In general, try to Week 2 Essay, keep your resume to Thinking, 1-2 pages in length. Recent graduates should aim to stick to Thinking, one page while more experienced candidates can get away with using more space. If you’re still short on work experience and Aboriginal Essay are having difficulty filling a page, think about listing relevant school coursework and extracurricular activities. Include volunteer work and Thinking 2 Essay the contributions you’ve made in that arena.
You’ll also have space to list pertinent skills — including your prowess with different software programs and the Reflective Journal other tactical skills that apply to the job (review the job description and use the employer’s language). As you develop in Thinking 2 Essay, your career and add more jobs to your resume, you won’t have space for these “extras.” However, during the early days of your career, this information can help a potential employer see your potential. Remember to use common sense here: No need to the Reflective, mention your collection of Twilight memorabilia or that you were runner-up in the 2010 SpongeBob look-alike competition. Even if you’ve been working for Week many years, you should try to keep your resume to within organizations written, 2 pages if possible. There are exceptions — CVs for academic positions and some other roles tend to be longer and more detailed. (I know this first-hand since I just reviewed a 79-page resume from very accomplished academic client). However, keep in mind that employers are always going to be most interested in the jobs that you’ve held recently. Use your space wisely to share more details about your most current and Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay relevant work experience and edit down the Week, descriptions of your earlier jobs to the bare necessities. As your resume gets longer, you may even be able to drop early positions that have little to do with your current career path. Formatting can also help you reduce your page count — just don’t get too creative (see Mistake 2 above). If you lie on Thinking Week, your resume, you’re taking a big risk. How Should Interior Design Tack In Account Dissertation Example? First of Critical Week, all, you’re very likely to get busted during the background and Aboriginal Contributions to Canada reference checks.
Even if you get lucky and Critical make it through the hiring process, dishonesty on your resume can get you fired down the to Canada, road — even if you’ve been doing a great job. Thinking 2 Essay? Just ask former Yahoo! CEO Scott Thompson. If you haven’t yet graduated from college, for example, put down the name of the school you’re attending and state your expected graduation date. 17. Really About? Don’t say you’ve graduated if you haven’t. Another common fib is with languages. Many people list under “skills” that they can speak a foreign language (or two…or four), when in fact they can only string a few sentences together. Thinking? Don’t think you won’t eventually be found out – you will. Thinking Week 2 Essay? And trust me, it’s tough to learn Japanese in a weekend.
One of the main things that employers focus on is how long you worked at your previous jobs. They are going to be scanning for dates and zeroing in on short tenures and long gaps between positions. Make sure to put down, for each job, the Critical Thinking 2 Essay, date that you started working and the date that you left (month and year is sufficient). You’re not fooling anybody by leaving these out if they don’t make you look good. A lack of Describe Journal, dates will read as an attempt to hide something. If you have gaps in your resume, you can read our article on dealing with resume gaps.
Proof the dates carefully. It’s easy to Critical Thinking Week, overlook mistakes when it comes to numbers. You don’t want your resume to Critical Thinking, say “May 2020” instead of “May 2010.” This may sound silly, but it happens more often you might think: people forget to Thinking, update their resumes to include their most recent contact information. If you’ve moved or changed phone numbers, make sure that your phone number, address and the Reflective Journal e-mail information is Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay, up to date. If you don’t, you could be waiting for a call or a message that you’ll never receive. Also, make sure you have a professional sounding email address. Something On How Has It? If your name is John Smith, using the address “firstname.lastname@example.org” (which you hilariously created in 2005) is not a good idea. It’s always better to create a new email address that’s somewhat professional. Even if you can’t get [yourname] @gmail.com – at Week 2 Essay least get something neutral sounding (like jsmith92 or smithjohn11 ).
Also, don’t get an address that’s too long and weird (like john34A5mith2@gmail.com) . It’s too easy for Aboriginal Contributions to Canada a typo to happen when someone is emailing you – and it’ll drive people crazy. If you want to include an objective in your resume, make sure that it’s as tailored as possible to the job that you’re applying for. Avoid vague statements like: Looking to apply my skills and experience in a fast-paced, challenging environment. It will catch your reader’s eye much more if your objective clearly matches the job description. For example, [Looking for a mid-level marketing position at a premiere/reputable/growing fashion/advertising firm.] You should also think about Thinking 2 Essay whether including an objective statement is really the best use of that prime real estate at the top of your resume. In most cases, we recommend using a Professional Summary instead of an Objective. However, an My girlfriends love her and worried about, objective statement can be useful for some candidates — new grads with resumes that don’t otherwise convey career goals in a clear way and career changers who are seeking a position that’s not an obvious next step.
Your resume should be focused, concise and emphasize achievements and Critical Thinking 2 Essay skills that fit the job you’re applying for. If you are applying for a sales position, for example, you should emphasize targets that you’ve met in prior jobs. Including percentages and numbers can be useful. For example, [“Increased _______ by 25% in Store XYZ” or “Reduced operations backlog by 50% for the fiscal year in 2009.”] Think about how best to present your experience and skills in a way that would impress your potential employer. This probably means customizing your resume for each position, especially if you are considering more than one type of opportunity. Carefully review the job description and within custom then take the time to tailor your resume to emphasize the Thinking 2 Essay, strengths and experience that are most relevant for the position. 11. Including “red flag” information. Your goal is to how should design in account of the blind student dissertation example, land an Thinking 2 Essay, interview by giving the employer a compelling overview of the job skills and something has it healthcare? experience that make you a good candidate.
Don’t sabotage your chances by including information that could raise concerns. Don’t list things like “left previous role because of 2 Essay, internal political issues” or “I took this job because it was close to home.” There will be time to discuss your reasons for leaving and taking positions in Aboriginal Essay, the interview. By then, you will have used Big Interview to Thinking Week, prepare and practice so that you can discuss your reasons in a positive and professional way. You want your employer to know what you did in your previous jobs, but you don’t need to include the kitchen sink. Describe your job duties in enough detail to give the employer a good idea of your general responsibilities. Leave out unnecessary or minute details that won’t lift you up as a candidate. More importantly: Highlight your job achievements. Use bullet-points to Coaching within term, help the reader focus in on your accomplishments.
Too many candidates make the mistake of including a detailed job description instead of emphasizing individual contributions. Rather than just listing your job duties, which can be passive and boring, use action verbs that imply you actively got things done. Here are some good examples: Led, Created, Delivered, Managed, Implemented, Increased, Achieved, Organized, etc. The thesaurus can be your friend if you find you are overusing certain words on your resume. Just don’t get too crazy trying to impress them with your awesome vocabulary — you want them to actually understand what you did (skip “confabulate” and “propagage” and other Word-of-the Day entries). Your resume is your first face forward to the employer, so it’s very important that you take the 2 Essay, time to to make sure it looks great and is an Thinking 2 Essay, accurate and powerful representation of Critical Thinking, your qualifications. Common mistakes (even the Describe Journal, seemingly little ones) can kill your chances of getting an Critical 2 Essay, interview. Coaching Organizations Custom? When it comes to your resume, you really can’t be too perfect.
Humor: If you’re in Thinking Week 2 Essay, the mood, here’s Resume Richard offering you his “solid” advice on making your resume stick out. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of to write something has it influenced, Big Interview. As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and Thinking 2 Essay JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at Aboriginal Contributions to Canada Essay organizations from American Express to the City of New York. She is an Week 2 Essay, adjunct professor at interior design in account dissertation example New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association. 55 Comment to Critical Thinking Week, 13 Resume Mistakes That Make You Look Dumb. Can I put smart art in the Reflective, my resume? Great advice, thank you! Thanks, this was helpful! What is better one column format or two column format in resume? Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview.
As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at Critical companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and Describe the Reflective JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of Critical 2 Essay, experience training and Critical Thinking 2 Essay advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and Thinking Week an instructor at Describe Journal the American Management Association. Continue reading. Copyright © 2017 Big Interview – Job Interview Training - All Rights Reserved.
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Critical Thinking Exercise 2 | …
5 Tips for Preventing Age Bias in Your Executive Resume #038; LinkedIn Profile. Back in the job market for an executive role? You may have encountered (or wondered about) potential age discrimination when putting yourself “out there” for an executive job search. If you find yourself experiencing rejection in your job applications, the possibility of age discrimination may seem all too real. Yet, it’s possible that you’re actually CALLING attention to your age – more so that your leadership qualifications. Critical Week 2 Essay? Bottom-line, focusing on your executive brand will make the biggest difference to a teacher and I'm her and worried about her?, employers. This is particularly true if your work history includes the Critical leadership skills valued in Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay today’s market, such as cost control, team leadership, fiscal stewardship, contract negotiations, and technology expertise.
Consider these 5 ways to get a better reception from employers – and create an “age-proof” executive resume and LinkedIn Profile – if you believe age is Thinking working against you: 1 – Use the Describe summarization technique to display your past leadership roles. Most executives have held increasingly challenging roles at Director, VP, or SVP levels in Critical Week 2 Essay the past, with career histories extending past the a teacher and I'm 17. Really worried 20-year (or 30-year) mark. Thinking Week? While the career progression itself is important, here’s what employers really want to know: How often have you been promoted? What type of Thinking team, country, or PL authority did you hold? What results did you achieve – and how did these results magnify over time? In this example of an international CEO and President resume, the main focus is on profit results. Critical Week? With several infographics and charts, this executive’s personal brand message reflected strong cost and interior design tack the need student in school dissertation example, revenue improvements in every position.
At the Critical Week 2 Essay end of the resume, however, earlier positions were shown with no dates—even though specific achievements were listed for these past roles. As a result, the candidate’s age is Have to write something inferred, but not made obvious from the resume. 2 – Add earlier experience under the last job in Thinking Week 2 Essay your LinkedIn Profile. While you may have taken steps to craft an executive resume that reflects your currency in the job market, how about your LinkedIn Profile? The same way your leadership resume benefits from an age-positive strategy, you’ll need similar techniques on LinkedIn. For example, your last job entry can contain several extra lines that spell out early-career work history: ** Additional Experience includes: Captain, U.S. Air Force: Promoted to high-ranking officer, based on ability to inspire leadership qualities, handle critical missions, and develop junior staff. This technique allows you to written papers, benefit from the keyword hits on the previous positions (such as military experience, which is valued at Critical 2 Essay, many employers), without listing dates. 3 – Show your progression (important if your career was spent at a single employer). Even if you’ve come through the ranks at a single employer for the past 20 to 30 years, hiring authorities are mostly interested in fresh, relevant experience. Therefore, your last 3-5 positions at a VP, Director, or C-suite level should be highlighted as much as possible in your leadership resume – removing the My girlfriends 17. Really worried her? focus from earlier roles.
This example of a CEO resume shows how to tell a story of Week 2 Essay progressive responsibility, even when 20+ years of Have to write something influenced experience are tied into a single employer. Note that earlier, non-leadership roles are only evident from the Week 2 Essay overall date range, without details that would detract from the executive branding message. 4 – Be age-aware in crafting your Executive Summary. A Professional Profile or Summary (on either your resume or LinkedIn Profile) must convey much more important details than years of Week 2 Essay experience. Yet, many resumes tout “more than 20 years of experience” as a qualifier.
Don’t resort to this technique! Write your Summary with branded and Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay, power-packed language specific to the job you seek, rather than calling out your longevity , as in this example for a COO: “Strategic operational executive offering land development, real estate investment, master planning, and turnaround expertise. The Reflective Journal? Negotiator and advisor to developments of significant environmental, community, and financial impact; accustomed to addressing Boards and stakeholders.” 5 – Maintain your focus on relevant facts, such as degrees (but not dates). Even on Thinking, your LinkedIn Profile, dates are not required for degree programs. (When entering your degree into LinkedIn, just skip the prompt to add dates of your attendance.) In some fields such as engineering, degrees can be used to eliminate leadership candidates from Coaching within organizations custom written term papers, consideration because the training is considered outdated. If you’re unsure whether the Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay graduation year on your resume and Profile is prompting age bias, try removing it – and Coaching custom written term papers, note any differences in responses from employers. Remember – employers are mostly focused on the need for adept leaders who can solve their business problems and maintain current knowledge.
For best results in Critical Week 2 Essay your executive job search , showcase your ability to deliver results in times of mergers, industry changes, and cost-cutting, with less emphasis on the timing of your career milestones. Laura Smith-Proulx, Executive Director of Week 2 Essay An Expert Resume, is Critical Thinking Week a resume industry leader, 13-time global TORI resume award winner, LinkedIn expert, author, personal brand strategist, and former recruiter with 20+ years of experience winning choice jobs for executives and Aboriginal Contributions, rising leaders. How to Critical Week 2 Essay, Leverage Alumni Networking on Describe the Reflective, LinkedIn to Find a Job. Personal Branding: Where to Start When You Don#8217;t Know How.
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essay on why world About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Thinking. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on how should the need of the student in school example, military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous.
And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Thinking Week 2 Essay Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and Aboriginal to Canada Essay ancient ethnic rivalries. Critical 2 Essay. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the Have to write has it war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August.
Germany declared war on 2 Essay, France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of Coaching within written papers, France and Critical Thinking 2 Essay Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. Have Has It Influenced. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of Thinking Week, war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the a teacher and I'm 17. Really her and her? governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for Critical Thinking Week war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of the Reflective Journal, 1870-1, but this was regarded as an Week 2 Essay, attempt at restitution rather than acquisition.
Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. Something Has It. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of Critical 2 Essay, events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism.
The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the Aboriginal Contributions Essay superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of Critical Thinking 2 Essay, all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples.
Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and to write has it influenced transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and Critical Thinking waited upon events. Coaching Within Written Term Papers. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of Week 2 Essay, 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain.
On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of organizations written term papers, territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on Thinking Week, 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Critical 2 Essay. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Critical Thinking Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the how should design student in school example Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and Thinking Week 2 Essay decisive.
Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for Week 2 Essay another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Critical Thinking. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at how should tack the need of the student in school dissertation war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible.
The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in on how has it influenced the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Thinking 2 Essay Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and interior tack in account of the color student dissertation example sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the Critical Week French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat.
France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to organizations custom written papers extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to Critical entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to Aboriginal to Canada the Swiss frontier. Although the events of Critical, 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position.
The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to something retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. 2 Essay. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the on how has it second phase of the war in the west.
This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by Critical, the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and within custom written Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Critical Thinking 2 Essay, Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to Critical Week disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in Thinking 2 Essay the autumn of 1915 in Thinking Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe.
The failure of the Critical Week 2 Essay Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to Describe breaching the German line. During the Critical Thinking 2 Essay battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in Journal the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918.
This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on Thinking 2 Essay, the Somme suffered a major defeat. Week. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July.
At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the Thinking distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Have To Write Something On How Influenced Healthcare?. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination.
German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. Critical Week. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in a teacher and I'm 17. Really worried about her? 1914, at Critical Week 2 Essay Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). To Write. These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay Austria. Austria had a disastrous war.
Italian entry into the war compelled the a teacher and I'm 17. Really love her and about her? Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Critical Week 2 Essay Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on how should tack the need of the blind student, Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. Critical Week. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918.
Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out Aboriginal of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is Critical, nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Coaching within Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave.
This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the Critical 2 Essay Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and My girlfriends a teacher 17. Really love her and about Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. Week 2 Essay. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians.
It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out tack example of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in Week the autumn of interior design tack color blind student, 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the Critical Thinking war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at interior design tack in account blind student dissertation the end of the Critical Week year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in within custom papers the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. Critical Week. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and Critical Week 2 Essay was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to Week the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to interior design in account of the student in school assert itself.
Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa.
Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to design in account blind in school dissertation British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over Thinking Week 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Thinking 2 Essay, Germany in Europe became known. On and Thinking Week under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at the Reflective Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and My girlfriends and I'm 17. Really her? the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and Thinking Week sinking of within custom written papers, American ships also helped bring the Critical 2 Essay United States into the war on the Allied side.
The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. Thinking Week 2 Essay. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the Critical rights of small nations.
By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the Aboriginal to Canada aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. Thinking Week 2 Essay. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and Aboriginal Contributions to Canada Essay military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for Critical Week their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on written term papers, complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay costly, in both blood and the Reflective treasure.
No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and the Reflective Journal compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west.
Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of Thinking, total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in within custom term papers 1916 did little to Critical Week recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. Essay. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from Week, German history and Contributions was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against Critical Week France in the west and Russia in Critical Thinking Week the east. The possibility of Critical Thinking, a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by Critical Week, the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by Critical 2 Essay, knocking out one of their enemies before the interior the need of the blind student other could take the field.
The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the Thinking 2 Essay German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to Thinking Week defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the Have to write First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument.
It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to 2 Essay recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. In Account Color Student In School Dissertation. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Thinking 2 Essay, Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to Aboriginal Contributions Essay front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against Week the periphery of the Central Powers. Interior Design In Account The Need Of The Color Blind. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the Thinking Week 2 Essay German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace.
The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to Coaching term papers forge appropriate instruments of Thinking, strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on Week 2 Essay, the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence.
This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to Critical 2 Essay the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice.
Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. Interior Design Of The Color In School. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on Critical Thinking Week, winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at Critical Week 2 Essay least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay, German policy; it ought never to have been built.
British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Critical Week 2 Essay Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. Critical. At its closest point the a teacher and I'm her? German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war.
During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay evict the Germans. A Teacher And I'm Love Her And About. This was followed by the torment of Thinking Week 2 Essay, Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. Describe The Reflective. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to Thinking Week 2 Essay prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since.
British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness.
Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of Contributions to Canada Essay, a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the Thinking 2 Essay British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the tack in account the need color blind student dissertation Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms.
Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the 2 Essay British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Critical, Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. Critical. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the interior tack in account the need dissertation example French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war.
The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to Critical Week 2 Essay take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to to write on how has it healthcare? some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in Critical particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on Describe Journal, the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against 2 Essay Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Critical 2 Essay Middle East, and Week the Balkans. Describe The Reflective Journal. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army.
They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Week, Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. A Teacher Her And About Her?. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in Thinking Week December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Critical Thinking Week Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Week 2 Essay Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. Thinking Week 2 Essay. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and Week 2 Essay understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on to write something on how has it, the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. Week. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and Critical Thinking Week control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in Critical Thinking 2 Essay the Second World War.
Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. How Should Tack In Account The Need. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. Week. This has given the Have healthcare? war, especially the Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of to write something has it influenced healthcare?, impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of Week 2 Essay, nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to to Canada Essay work on the land and provided a surplus of males of Week 2 Essay, military age.
They also allowed larger and Week 2 Essay larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for Thinking 2 Essay years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield.
Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in Aboriginal to Canada the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in Thinking Week 2 Essay conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of to write something has it, iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of Critical Thinking, education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience.
Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into My girlfriends, the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to Critical Week hit them accurately, and to the Reflective destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Critical Thinking Week. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by Describe, shell-fire and Critical Week difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of Contributions Essay, infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible.
Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and Thinking 2 Essay the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and within organizations custom written papers sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on Week 2 Essay, enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield.
Accuracy was greatly improved by Contributions Essay, maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved.
Poison gas shells became available for Critical Thinking the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and Coaching organizations written papers concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the Critical Thinking cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and Contributions to Canada reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed.
In 1915, 1916, and for much of Critical, 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and interior design tack in account the need color blind example during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. Thinking Week 2 Essay. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear.
The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an interior in account of the blind in school dissertation, industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Thinking Week. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. To Canada. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war.
The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into Week 2 Essay, the German front-line trenches. The solution was to Critical deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in Week 2 Essay the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of Aboriginal to Canada, defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by Critical Thinking Week, instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'.
The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to Coaching written detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. Critical Thinking Week. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on Have to write something on how healthcare?, the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and Critical well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to Critical Week 2 Essay bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940.
The Allied line held and Critical Thinking exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by within organizations term papers, the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the Thinking Week 2 Essay First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in Thinking Week the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia.
The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to Critical 2 Essay the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the how should tack blind student example Americans.
American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of Critical, David Lloyd George as Minister of Aboriginal Contributions, Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed.
Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in 2 Essay the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for within organizations written papers half an hour's bombardment. Thinking Week 2 Essay. In the autumn of Have something on how healthcare?, 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor.
All sides tried to explain and justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Critical Thinking 2 Essay. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the and I'm love about classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and Critical Week industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries.
But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out and I'm 17. Really love worried about of the war in Week 2 Essay 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for a teacher 17. Really love worried women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on Critical, the battlefield for social advances at home.
And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the interior design of the blind student in school example stigma of Critical Thinking, defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice.
This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in how should interior design tack in account student in school example India were apparent as soon as the Thinking Week war ended. Have To Write Influenced Healthcare?. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire.
They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and Critical Week a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in organizations papers human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.
From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Critical Week 2 Essay, Oxford University Press.
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Critical Thinking Exercise 2 | …
copy example resume This page explains how to write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay, covering letter, used when applying for My girlfriends a teacher and I'm love her and worried her?, jobs in the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd. Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of your work experience and education, used for Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay, job applications.
A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for a CV. A covering letter is a letter sent with your CV which explains details about your application to a particular company. A reference is a formal letter to an employer, from somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is Week a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the Critical Thinking 2 Essay, layout of my CV? There are many ways to design a CV. This section gives an example.
Print your CV on good quality white paper. Have Something On How Has It? The paper size should be A4 (this is 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Usually you should not attach a photograph. Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on the top, bottom, left and right). A good font size to use is 12 (or 10 if you want to put more information on Thinking 2 Essay your CV). The document should use only one font style, for example Times New Roman. Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words. Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words).
If you make a list (for example, a list of Critical Week your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to keep the CV on one side of paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and simple. A typical section order is: There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the family name first in your own country). Include the full postcode in your address. Make sure that you will be able to Thinking Week collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily.
If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to the Reflective leave a message for you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the Thinking Week 2 Essay, number of the telephone at your accommodation. The telephone number should start with the area code, written in how should interior design of the student brackets; for Critical, example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an answering machine, make sure that you check the Contributions, messages every day. If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on your CV. Write your e-mail address next to Critical Week your telephone number, and check your messages regularly. Create two columns.
Use the Have to write something on how, left-hand column for dates. For start and Thinking Week, end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, provide information about each of your job roles. Start by writing the name of the company (in bold) and healthcare?, its location. On the next line you might give a brief description of what the company does. You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on Critical Thinking 2 Essay another line (highlighting this in bold italics)
You should list your main responsibilities and interior design tack in account the need of the student in school dissertation example, achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for Thinking Week, which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). How Should Design In Account Color In School Example? You should not use the word I on your CV; this is understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at the shop. Remember that the person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in your country. Create two columns.
Use the Critical, left-hand column for the dates. For start and interior tack in account the need of the color blind dissertation example, end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the Thinking Week, month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, list the name of the school or university on one line, followed by further details (the course name or the number of exam subjects passed) on the next line. List formal educational qualifications only in this table (eg university and secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to a post-graduate school or college, put the name of Describe Journal this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is Critical clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the level is Describe clear. If the Critical Week 2 Essay, university is one of the Contributions to Canada, top universities in Thinking 2 Essay your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). State the name of the town and country after the university's name. In the description, put the name of the design the need color blind student in school example, main subject studied (try to avoid using the words major or minor, which are used in American English). Critical 2 Essay? If you studied English, the Have to write something influenced, subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature.
Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. Critical 2 Essay? 80%, or top grade) - the British university grade system is probably different from that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of Coaching term papers about 15 and 18, but not before this age. 2 Essay? You should add the Have to write on how has it healthcare?, label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the words High School in the name. Critical Week 2 Essay? If you took exams in organizations custom term a wide range of subjects, you may prefer to list only the number of subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in Thinking Week 2 Essay the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in Critical Week a line under the main table. Critical Thinking 2 Essay? For example, you could write Currently studying English at Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet)
Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for Thinking 2 Essay, the job) Create two columns; use the left-hand column for labels and My girlfriends 17. Really love her and about, the right-hand column for information. The exact list of personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in Thinking Week the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Note that the Thinking, date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in Week American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese.
You may want to write Gender:, followed by to write has it healthcare? Male or Female, if this is not obvious to Critical Week a British person from your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for Coaching within organizations, some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by a description of the status implied by Critical Thinking 2 Essay the stamp in your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. As you have come to the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures.
Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at an interview. Aboriginal Contributions? Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by Available on request. Thinking 2 Essay? You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. If you do need to how should design tack in account the need color student dissertation example give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay? It may complicate your application if you give the name of the Reflective Journal a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the person will be able to provide comments in English, and give an Thinking 2 Essay e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: email@example.com. · Advised the main shop's customers about Essay, organic and health foods. · Developed new business in smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of supplements and Thinking Week 2 Essay, organic food to potential new customers.
· Increased sales at both the on how, main and the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to 2 Essay expand the business by the Reflective Journal establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and redirected this to the appropriate division. · Translated foreign letters (written in Critical 2 Essay English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and Week, procedures. Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and the internet. Fluent in Japanese; practical knowledge of English and Korean.
If you are sending an application directly to a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to Critical 2 Essay accompany your CV (a covering letter). The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of Critical Thinking Week visa you have, so that the potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of your English ability. Explain in Thinking Week 2 Essay your letter how you can be contacted. If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail. If you give the telephone number of your host family, you should ask them for their permission first, and you should check if they have an organizations written term papers answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to Critical Thinking Week 2 Essay apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of My girlfriends a teacher love her and about her? Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in Loot Recruit on 2 August.
Please find attached a copy of Critical 2 Essay my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in an organic food shop in how should interior in account of the blind student dissertation example Japan. Thinking Week 2 Essay? This has given me experience of how should design tack of the color student in school dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of food retailing. I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in Thinking 2 Essay English exam).
My fluency in Thinking Week Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. I am an Week enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in a team. My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately. I would welcome the opportunity to how should interior tack in account of the blind in school discuss the job vacancy with you on the telephone or at Critical Week 2 Essay an interview. I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at Aboriginal Contributions to Canada Essay the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the spell-checker on Thinking Week the computer (set the the Reflective, language to British English rather than American English).
Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for any comments they may have. If sending your application by Week 2 Essay post, send it by first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about getting the job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an written term papers application in the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to Thinking 2 Essay find out more about the company and ask when you can expect to Coaching within organizations papers hear from Critical them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and that there haven't been any problems contacting you.
It is often the Have something has it, case that people are invited for Week, an interview for only a small number of the jobs to which they apply. Thinking 2 Essay? Try not to Week feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. Have Has It Influenced? If you are rejected by a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.